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In 2019 most of sponsor company’s transactions came from its freight forwarding service. Due to strategic alliances between retail giants and freight carriers, the profit margins of independent freight forwarders are being squeezed. To survive the company needs to ensure that its warehousing and distribution services are sufficiently profitable. However...
Thesis/Capstone
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The food-service industry in the United States is worth approximately $300 Billion annually and supports 1 million jobs across the country. The sponsoring company is a major distributor in the United States for different categories of restaurant chains, ranging from counter-only-service to full-service. The key products in their supply chain...
Thesis/Capstone
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As the world’s largest coffee chain, Starbucks is looking to cater to different patterns of customer demand especially in metro areas that are densely packed with their stores. With more of the demand becoming mobile and customers gravitating towards curbside pick-up of orders, Starbucks is looking to redesign their cafes...
Thesis/Capstone
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The COVID-19 pandemic created a global shortage of personal protective equipment (PPE) and cleaning supplies. This environment motivated the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) to reconsider its decentralized procurement model and develop a temporary, centralized, and more sustainable model for the sourcing and distribution of these items to enable safe...
Thesis/Capstone
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With the fast growth of e-commerce, online shoppers are becoming accustomed to free and fast delivery. Small and medium-sized businesses are experiencing rising transportation costs as they are having to switch from slower methods of shipping to fast delivery options (e.g., next day or two-day) to cater to customer demand...
Thesis/Capstone
Publication Date
Optimizing the flow of goods across the globe is incentivized by logistics savings, amplified by an enterprise’s economies of scale. Waters’ international shipments are majorly carried out via air freight and are exclusively performed by three main carriers: Expeditors, FedEx, and UPS. The specific problem addressed in this capstone is...
Thesis/Capstone
Publication Date
Companies in the Consumer-Packaged Goods Industry are faced with a chronic dilemma: efficiency vs. agility. Companies must find the balance between scale, which creates cost-saving opportunities, and flexibility, which often incurs incremental costs. The main questions addressed in this capstone pertain to manufacturing and logistics decisions. Simply put, how much...
Thesis/Capstone
Publication Date
The sponsor company for this capstone has a complex logistics network due to the fact they use a service model for their products. Their products use advanced technology to service water, wastewater, oil, and gas pipelines across the world. This requires managing the movement of these products from their inventory...
Thesis/Capstone
Publication Date
Biopharmaceutical companies are increasingly exploring cutting-edge novel gene therapies (GTs) in an effort to cure rare diseases. This capstone develops and tests a practical forecasting framework for sharing capacity across Roche’s evolving GT portfolio and driving strategic global supply chain network design. Our problem is challenging, even by the highly...
Thesis/Capstone
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Nepal’s immunization coverage hovers around 78%, and 59 out of 77 districts have not yet been fully immunized. The objective of this study is to review the vaccine last-mile distribution to find a cost-efficient solution using a combination of modes of transportation to improve vaccine availability. This study determines which...
Thesis/Capstone
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Supply chain horizontal collaboration has captured the attention of many researchers and practitioners. Horizontal collaboration offers multiple benefits in creating competitive advantages for companies and leveraging their sustainability in the long term. Although collaboration creates value for the supply chain, there is no evidence of what makes companies adopt these...
Thesis/Capstone
Publication Date
Over the past several years, there has been severe market volatility in the truckload industry leading to cost increases and efficiency losses for shippers and carriers. Previous research has investigated the many factors that contribute to such market conditions. One topic that has yet to be analyzed is “ghost freight.”...
Thesis/Capstone
Publication Date
The nature of the apparel industry is enigmatic. Customers want differentiated products and agility, yet apparel is mainly produced in low-income countries with long lead times to compete on cost. This mismatch leads to poor planning, simultaneous over- and understocking, resulting in markdowns and lost sales. Supply chain segmentation has...
Thesis/Capstone
Publication Date
The Consumer Product Goods (CPG) industry such as the bottled water business is subject to bottlenecks, due in part to both product characteristics, stochastic nature of the demand of products, and customer lead time volatility. Nevertheless, CPG companies are expected to be able to serve customers that rely on their...
Thesis/Capstone
Publication Date
In developing countries, small mom-and-pop grocery stores called nanostores are one of the main grocery market channels. Cash constraints are a severe issue that affects these small businesses, preventing them from buying enough inventory to meet client demand, and forcing them to reject orders from suppliers due to a lack...
Thesis/Capstone
Publication Date
Throughput is a critical performance metric for warehouse operations in the food industry. Accurate throughput estimations are necessary for effectively planning replenishments, inventory levels, and labor resources to meet the needs of customers. General Mills, who manages a large variety portfolio with different packaging, demand volatility, storage requirements, and outbound...
Thesis/Capstone
Publication Date
Companies are often faced with the need to make supply chain investment decisions to support new product introductions while there is still significant uncertainty in the demand expectations. This situation forces tradeoffs in supply chain capacity investments versus the risk of lost sales. To address this tradeoff, we have proposed...
Thesis/Capstone
Publication Date
The Great Lakes region is a convenient transportation route for the suppliers and the customers in North America. Various types of goods are being transported in the region including dry bulk commodities such as iron ore, coal, grain, and salt. The sponsor company for this project is a provider of...
Report
Publication Date

On January 12, 2021, the MIT Center for Transportation & Logistics (CTL) convened a virtual roundtable to explore key topics across supplier diversity, equity, and inclusion (DE&I). Participants represented nine industries within manufacturing, retail, and services, and their companies were at various points in their supplier diversity (SD) journey, which enabled an exchange of experiences and fresh perspectives on the challenges, opportunities, and future of supplier diversity.

Paper
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The purpose of this paper is twofold: first, to review the extant academic literature on on-demand food delivery (ODFD) services, i.e. the delivery of freshly prepared meals from restaurants to customers enabled by online platforms; second, to propose directions for future research in this field.
Paper
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The explosive growth of e-commerce creates a need for increasingly responsive omni-channel fulfillment capabilities, which raises new challenges in inventory management and order fulfillment for retailers. In response to these challenges, many retailers attempt to establish so-called ship-from-store concepts, which leverage their physical store networks to fulfill online orders. In...
Report
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MIT’s Center for Transportation and Logistics (CTL) hosted a virtual roundtable for its Supply Chain Exchange partners in which leading companies discussed predictive analytics. The event combined presentations from academia and industry with sharing by all attendees of their experiences, challenges, and ideas. To encourage candor, no statements in this report have been attributed to any specific company.

Paper
Publication Date
Meal delivery platforms like Uber Eats shape the landscape in cities around the world. This paper addresses forecasting demand on a grid into the short-term future, enabling, for example, predictive routing applications. We propose an approach incorporating both classical forecasting and machine learning methods and adapt model evaluation and selection...
Paper
Publication Date
The large body of research investigating the discrepancy between consumers' progressive environmental attitudes in polls, and their actual purchase behavior, has provided inconsistent results. This paper complements existing research using an 'interception' of consumers at the shopping aisle, thus using more objective behavioral data. Our analysis indicates a neglectable impact...
Paper
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International seaborne transport of crude oil takes place mainly on tankers, with annual seaborne crude flows totaling an estimated 12 billion barrels. To take into account the carbon footprint on crude oil from its international distribution segment, we utilize a micro-level dataset of more than 28,000 individual shipment samples to...